Hypertension (HTN) = a fancy medical term for high blood pressure.
- Normal blood pressure: systolic or <120/80 mmHg
- Prehypertension: >120/80 mmHg
- Hypertension: >140/90 mmHg
Essential (primary) HTN – The exact cause of this is poorly understood. It may be a combination of genetic background, race, diet, weight gain, and other environmental factors.
Secondary HTN – High blood pressure that may have a specific underlying cause that is different from “essential HTN.” Your doctor will determine if you need to be screened for this.
Causes: Sleep apnea, Chronic Kidney Disease, disorders of the adrenal gland, narrowing of kidney arteries, birth control pills, and Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (ie. Ibuprofen, naproxen).
Resistant HTN – Blood pressure that is not at goal despite being treated with 3 medications; one of these has to be a diuretic.